The indefinite articles aan and the definite article the the indefinite article the indefinite article aan is used before singular countables nouns. We also have a new self study reading course that is free for new students. Clauses of contrast, purpose and reason test english. This is a free intermediate english grammar quiz and esl worksheet. Remember to use infinitives of purpose in your speaking and writing and you will boost your grammar band score. These structures express purpose and answer the question why something is done.
Of which is possible for things, but it is unusual except in very formal english. This accuracybased team competition for small groups is based on the game of dominoes and practises infinitives of purpose. Emphasize that the present simple form of the verb is used in imperatives gotakebring. This slideshow page provides you with reference and practice material on these three types of adverbial clause. Clauses of result are introduced by so, and so, as a result, consequently, for this that reason, thus, therefore. Infinitive of purpose watch take send meet listen learn find page 1 of 2 3 write sentences using the prompts. A selfstudy reference and practice book for intermediate students of english. Spine rehabilitation exercises to ensure that this program is safe and effective for you, it should be performed under your doctors supervision. Reason and cause as, because, since, because of, due to, owning to, now that a as, because, since. Reason and cause as, because, since, because of, due. Download english grammar lessons, for free, in the pdf format. It must be break time, because i see many people in the canteen.
Students solutions intermediate grammar exercise 2 nondefining relative clauses. I went to japan because i wanted to learn japanese. Defining relative clauses 1 in pdf here defining relative clauses 2 in pdf here defining relative clauses 3 in pdf here defining relative clauses 4 in pdf here go to the main relative clauses explanation page here. L51imperatives infinitve of purpose ava carmichael. These notes will serve as one of your main sources of information on the topic so be sure to take complete notes. For example you wouldnt say you take some suntan lotion with you.
We can use the infinitive to explain why we do things. A defining relative clauses give essential information to the person or thing we are talking about. Defining relative clauses they describe the preceding noun in such a way as to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class. As since because daniel wanted to improve his intonation.
We use a before nouns beginning with a consonant sound and an before nouns beginning with a vowel sound. You can do the exercises online or download the worksheet as pdf. Download english grammar lessons, for free, in the pdf format feel free to download, reuse, or share the following english grammar lessons with your friends, colleagues, or students. Purpose clauses intermediate worksheet busy teacher. His house, whose windows are all broken, was a depressing sight. This document is used by the facilitators and supports the delivery of a tabletop exercise that can be customized to meet local needs. Ways of expressing the relationship between causereason and resulteffect i. Clauses of purpose, reasoncause and resulteffect i.
The indefinite articles aan and the definite article the. So that o so that is usually followed by can, could, will or would. When we express purpose, the infinitive is usually followed by a noun or a noun phrase. You will often need to use purpose, reason and result clauses in your written and spoken work at university. Fill in the blanks with the suitable conjunctions given more than one alternative might be possible in some cases that why if which whether when who where whose what how 1. Although and even though can be used at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. Please contact me if you have any questions or ntact me if you have any questions or comments. Clauses of contrast and purpose by maria paula bernal. Recommended for preintermediate or intermediate students who are asked to rewrite the sentences given using the purpose expressions in brackets and making the necessary changes. We must be near the beach, because i can hear the waves.
Nudity is optimal, but if its not possible, avoid constricting clothing. The most common type of purpose clause is a toinfinitive clause. Lesson b clauses of contrast and purpose english file. The police locked the door so that noone could get on. Match the beginnings of the sentences to the correct endings. He spoke clearly and slowly, so that we understood him. Clauses of purpose join the sentences using the words given. Tomorrow, we will get his friend help us pack the boxes. Purpose clauses are subordinate clauses which answer the question, why. Usually use the form of a toinfinitive clause nstead of using toinfinitive, it is often used in order to or. Diagram the sentence and, to the side of your diagram, indicate what job each clause is doing. To practice typing, i often go to the computer lab.
Infinitives of purpose lesson and exercise ieltstutors. Heres a list of all the relative clause exercises on the site. Reviewing some basic grammar points 7th in the series focus on clauses. Lesson 51 imperatives and infinitives of purpose presentation. Time, purpose, result, reason and contrast for upper intermediate and lower advanced students. If you found this free infinitives of purpose exercise useful, join us on facebook. When a negative purpose is expressed, the conjunction ne is used instead of ut. Reason and cause as, because, since, because of, due to. It is photocopiable, but all copies must be complete pages. This liquid is good stains out of cotton clothes a.
Clauses of purpose the conjunctions used are so that, so, so as tov usually comes after a main clausethe purpose of using these conjunctions. Grammar exercise 4 defining and nondefining relative clauses we use relative clauses to give additional information. To in order to so as to so thatenglish learn english. This is an online exercise about for, to and so that. Adverbial clauses of purpose a free english exercise to learn english. Connectors of purpose when the subject of the main clause and the subordinate clause is the same. You use a purpose clause when you want to state the purpose of the action in the independent clause. Clauses of reason, purpose, result and concession by. We can begin a clause to give reason with these words. The actions in the main clause and the infinitive clause occur in the same time frame. Restrictive relative clauses are also called defining relative clauses. Purpose clauses, reason clauses, result clauses, exercise. In both restrictive and nonrestrictive relative clauses, the relative pronoun can act as the subject or object.135 637 617 937 1240 357 610 341 573 113 544 1307 1290 337 1350 1384 352 1382 1291 1337 1451 1472 981 236 1243 434 1269 486 495 680 182 964 123 251 311 448 658 293